Shao Jin Ong , Lindsey Clarke , Hesham Safar-Aly, Stefan Lozewicz , Rudi Borgstein
British Journal of Hospital Medicine, Vol. 72, Iss. Sup9, 14 Sep 2011, pp M134 - M137
The clinical presentation and causes of pulmonary embolism vary, and the consequences may include dyspnoea, chest pain, cough, hypoxia, elevated right ventricular pressure, sustained hypotension or shock. Depending on the clinical presentation and disease severity, case fatality ranges from 1-60%, with overall mortality approaching 10% during the first 3 months after diagnosis (Agnelli and Becattini, 2010). Appropriate diagnostic tools are therefore essential. While other tests and clinical predictive scores are often used in the initial workup, this review focuses on imaging modalities.
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